Marginalization and Why it Happens

In a lecture, we discussed how the Iranian Empire painted a target on the Arabian people. The concept of marginalization has been around for many years and this idea has had a long history much further than the existence of many nations. Marginalization happens in many different aspects of life and does not solely depend on ethnicity. Even America is not free from this problem. History has given us many examples where people get blamed for a situation they did not cause but why do people do this? How is it possible such an instance to occur?

Two ideas that make this plausible are the Milgram Experiment and the Bandwagon Fallacy. Normally the marginalization of a set group of people occurs when there is a negative aspect of society. People look for something to blame and the thing they blame is usually the thing last introduced in their lives before all the change happened. To them, that is the sole cause of all the negative problems in their world. Of course, this is usually never the case but it does not stop people from believing in it. This is where the Milgram Experiment and the Bandwagon Fallacy come into play. In the Milgram Experiment, people were told to continually bring the voltage up if the subject got the question wrong. People kept complying under the pretense that “I am not responsible for this, someone else is.” The Bandwagon Fallacy is what people will commonly accept as true due to popularity. In here lies the problem with obedience and conformity.

For those who have YouTube Red: Vsauce’s video discussing Conformity goes into detail how people will conform to an idea, even if it is wrong just because everyone else is doing it. The experiment in question is referred to the Asch Experiment which ties in with the Bandwagon Fallacy idea. Now how does this all tie together? The stereotypes that are created by the marginalization of a set group of people will stick with them and begin defining them as a group of people. Many of the commonly held stereotypes are products of marginalization. The human psyche is very good at creating these ideas that “It cannot be my fault. It must be someone else’s.” This blame game we play is a weird way to wash off the idea that we are responsible for it. Combine the two experiments presented earlier, The Asch Experiment and The Milgram Experiment, to have a design that washes away blame. Asch’s findings will allow people to say that “Everyone else was doing it so it must be right,” and Milgram’s findings allow people to say that, “Someone else will take responsibility for this.”

Marginalization of a specific group of people allows the rest of the Empire to feel better about themselves and their shortcomings. This feeling is exponentially increased if there is an official figure that leads this idea. Almost like the movie Independence Day, humanity has a habit of bonding together under a common threat. If that threat is given a name and a face, there will be a large number of people banded together to fight against it. The only problem is that the people they are fighting against, are their own.


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